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Causes of the American Revolution
• Boycott • Coercive • Continental Congress • Customs • Declaration • Effigy • King George III
Vocabulary Part I
• Independence • Intolerable • Legislature • Loyalist • Massacre • Militia • Parliament
• Patriot • Pound • Rebel • Repeal • Representative • Shilling • Smuggler
• Tory • Treason
Vocabulary Part II
• French soldier (short) • Indian (short) • Royal Treasurer • Parliament
Choose Read Aloud Roles Voice of the Comics
• Colonist #1 • Colonist #2 • King George III • Merchant • John Hancock • Colonist #3 (female) • British soldier
Reaction to the Intolerable Acts• Andrew Jones (Patriot) • Patriot #2 • Patriot #3 • James Smith (Loyalist) • Loyalist #2 • Loyalist #3
Choose Read Aloud Roles
Paul Revere Play• General Gage • Major Pitcairn • Narrator (long) • Paul Revere • Patriot (short)
Why did the colonists declare independence from Great Britain?
• The French and Indian War cost a lot of money.
• The French and Indian War cost a lot of money. • To get more money, Britian passed new tax laws. • Sugar Act • Stamp Act • Glass and Tea Acts • Suddenly, there were all these new laws and controls on where you could live, on smugglers and imports.
• No taxation without representation. • Colonists had to house British soldiers. • King fires colonial representatives who stand up to him. • Boston Massacre
• The French and Indian War cost a lot of money. • To get more money, Britian passed new tax laws. • Sugar Act • Suddenly, there were all these new laws and controls on where you could live, on smugglers and imports.
• What if, today, all American citizens got to vote for Congress and for President... • EXCEPT you and your state. You don’t get to vote because of where you live. • BUT you still have to follow all the laws AND pay all the same taxes as everyone else. • Is that a good idea? What do you think?
Connect to the Past
• No taxation without representation.
• The French and Indian War cost a lot of money. • To get more money, Britian passed new tax laws. • Sugar Act • Stamp Act • Suddenly, there were all these new laws and controls on where you could live, on smugglers and imports.
• No taxation without representation. • Colonists had to house British soldiers.
The Boston MassacreMarch 5, 1770
• No taxation without representation. • Colonists had to house British soldiers. • King fires colonial representatives who stand up to him.
Why did the colonies decide to fight for independence?
Move into teams
Elect a leader
Choose an identity
• Write your name on a line to choose an identity. • Share your colonial name with your team. • What is your colonial job?
Prepare score sheet
Activate Time Machine
Welcome to 1773
Who is President of the United States of America in 1773?
Life in Colonial Boston
Connect with life today
• You know Coke and Pepsi are competitors, each trying to sell the most soda. • Let’s pretend that Pepsi, which is a rich and powerful company, uses its influence with Congress and gets a new law passed. • It is now illegal to buy or sell Coke products in America. • What is the advantage to Pepsi of this new law? • If you woke up tomorrow and that was a real law, how would you feel?
Colonial Decision 1: The Tea Act
• It is May 1773, and the king and Parliament have decided to save the East India Company from bankruptcy. • The company is huge and powerful, with many friends in Parliament, but corruption and mismanagement have cost the company a lot of money. Also, our colonial boycotts have left them with warehouses full of tea they needed to sell.
Up until today, you could buy tea from three sources: 1. East India Company in the colonies. 3 shillings/lb. ($18) + tea tax (3 pence). 2. A different tea company. (A little cheaper.) 3. Really cheap (but illegal) - Smuggler like John Hancock who buys it in Europe, where the East India Company sells it for 2 shillings ($12/lb.) and NO tax.
Today, all that has changed with the Tea Act. • You MUST buy from an agent of the East India Company. • Good news: price of tea just went down. • Bad news: it’s a monopoly - one company and one agent is the only way to buy tea. The king and Parliament want to: • Put smugglers like John Hancock out of business. • Save the East India Company. • Prove that he and Parliament have the right to tax the colonists.
1. Buy tea as usual 2. Boycott the tea 3. Send back the tea 4. Organize a protest
What are you going to do?
How to do dice rolls
You’ve made your choice. Let’s see what happens to you!
Boston Tea Party
Add up points
It is now 1774
• Imagine a group of kids came in over the weekend and wrecked the playground. They tore down equipment, spray-painted things - they did a million dollars worth of damage. • The evidence shows some of them were students at this school, but it’s not clear enough to identify exactly who was involved. • Today, when you came to school, it was full of security guards. There’s one guard for every 4 students. Also the principal and teachers have all been fired, and new people put in their places. • These new rules will be in place until your families come up with a million dollars to pay for the damage. • How do you feel about this situation?
• The Boston Tea Party destroyed 342 chests of tea worth £90,000 (or $1 million in today’s money.) • The royal government in England is furous about the wanton destruction of property. • Boston is to be punished until the colonists pay for the destroyed tea. • It is June 1, 1774, and Parliament’s new laws, known in England as the Coercive Acts (and in America as the Intolerable Acts) have just gone into effect.
Colonial Decision 2: The Coercive or Intolerable Acts
• The Port of Boston is closed, the harbor is sealed off by British warships. • Nothing is to enter or leave Boston Harbor. Even the small ferries have been stopped. • The only way for people, food, or other goods to enter or leave Boston is over the narrow spit of land connecting Boston and the mainland, known as the Boston Neck. • Boston is in real danger of starving.
• The government of Massachusetts, which has been the same since 1691, has been destroyed. • The king’s men run everything. The colonists can’t rule themselves any more. • They can’t even have town meetings unless the new governor says it’s OK.
• General Thomas Gage, commander of British forces in America, is the new Governor of Massachusetts. • He arrives in Boston in May 1774 with 4,000 troops. One in every 4 people in Boston is a British soldier. The streets are awash in red coats. • Colonists have to house and feed the soldiers.
• British officials, including soldiers, cannot be sued for wrongdoing, including for murder and other capital crimes. • Trials will be held in England or not at all.
How will you respond?
1. Pay for the tea 2. Support the king and house soldiers 3. Share control with king and colony 4. Colonies join to rule ourselves
Intolerable Acts Play
It is now 1775
Choose a side
• Patriot • Loyalist • Undecided
Why are Patriots Upset?
• Government of Massachusetts destroyed and king’s men in all positions of power. • Colonists can’t even meet any more without approval. (No meetings.) • Impressment of young men into the Navy. • Searching homes and shops without cause; unfair trial system. (Illegal searches)
• Intolerable Acts: • Closing of Boston Harbor. • Military law, governor replaced by general. • 4,000 troops in Boston; colonists must house and feed them. • British officials cannot be sued for wrongdoing. (No suing for wrongdoing.)
Why are Loyalists Upset?
• Patriots like the Sons of Liberty are threatening people who don’t agree with them. • It’s not safe to have your own opinion any more. • Mobs are hanging people in effigy, burning and trashing buildings. • I want to go back to the peaceful and prosperous times we had under Britian and the rule of law.
• Patriots destroyed property at the Boston Tea Party and left the rest of us to take the punishment. • I want to stay loyal to my country and my king. • I don’t want to commit treason.
Why might someone choose to be Undecided?
Pick a side: Patriot, Loyalist, or Undecided
April 17, 1775Dear choose any colonial name, After much thought, I have decided to become a choose Patriot OR Loyalist OR Undecided (Patriot, Loyalist, or Undecided). This was a difficult decision, and I wanted you to understand the reasons for my choice. So many things have happened to make people upset. First, put EVENT #1 from the previous page here (for example, the closing of Boston Harbor). What really bothered me about this was share your opinion and thoughts about EVENT #1. Second, EVENT #2 goes here (for example, they are taxing us but we can’t vote). I thought this was a problem because share your opinion and thoughts about EVENT #2 here. Finally, EVENT #3 goes here (for example, colonists have to house and feed soldiers). I didn’t like this because share your opinion and thoughts about EVENT #3 here. In making this choice, I fear what are you afraid might happen? I hope what do you hope might happen? Yours truly,Colonial Name
How to score points
____ State your choice (Patriot, Loyalist, Undecided)____Event #1____Event #2____Event #3____Hope____Fear____Specific details (at least 3)____Vivid/ historical word choice (at least 3)Possible points per person = 8EndFragment
Turn in your choice letter for grading
It is still 1775
Add new points from choice letter to the green section of the score sheet
Tell your scorekeeper if you are Patriot, Loyalist, or Undecided or put the appropriate choice card in front of you
• What if you heard that a bunch of crazy anti-government guys had gathered a huge number of guns and bombs and were hiding in a reinforced bunker in Montana? On the internet, they’ve stated that their purpose is to bring down the American government. • What should the government do? EndFragment
Read Road to Revolution playEndFragment
Add up points
Lexington and Concord
It is now July 1776
Decision: Will you sign the Declaration of Independence? Or not?EndFragment
I will sign because… or I will not sign because...EndFragment
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