The easiest thing is to run the presentation online:
You’ve made your choice. Let’s see what happens to you!
Elect a Leader
• Why was the rendezvous important to both trappers and traders? • How do geographical features such as mountains and rivers affect humans?
• Native American #1 • Native American #2 • Trader #1 • Trader #2 • Manuel Lisa • William Ashley • Trapper #1 • Trapper #2
Choose Read Aloud Roles
• Choose an identity and write your name on the line. • Pass around the identity sheet and pen until everyone has an identity. • Share your name and where you are from with your group.
Choose an identity
• Team leader chooses a score keeper. • Score keeper writes names on the score sheet. • Make sure the identity number matches the number on the score sheet.
Prepare score sheet
• Many mountain men and traders married native wives. • This cemented their ties to the local tribes. • A native wife made her husband’s life more comfortable by making him clothing, cooking him food, and preparing his furs for sale. EndFragment
How do dice rolls work?
Activate Time Machine
Welcome to 1834
Life at the Rendezvous
Services: Services are work done for you. Catching beaver and transporting goods are services.
Goods: Goods are things. Knives, beaver pelts, and sugar are all goods.
StartFragmentTrappers (IDs 4-8) roll ONE die.That’s how many GREEN FUR CARDS you get.Traders (IDs 1-3) roll TWO dice.Die #1 is how many RED SPECIAL ITEMS cards you get.Die #2 is how many BLUE YEAR’S SUPPLY cards you get. EndFragmentEndFragment
Get your trading cards
1. Overland along the Platte.• South Pass is an easy way over the mountains.• The Platte River is easy to follow.• But lots of people know traders carrying thousands of dollars of supplies will be traveling this route at this time of year.• It might be tempting for robbers. EndFragment
• Add up points from section one. • Subtract from 80. • Write the total on your game piece and move it on the points chart on the board.
Add up points
Trading at the Rendezvous
StartFragment• Move around the room, trading cards with people• You can charge anything you want to. For example, a trader can charge three fur cards for one year’s supply card. BUT, the trapper could choose to go buy from someone else.• You ONLY get life points on cards you got from someone else. Trappers have to get red and blue cards, and Traders have to collect green cards. EndFragment
• Add up points from section two. • The person with the most points wins. Yay!
“Come,” said Newell to Meek, “We are done with this life in the mountains - done with wading in beaver dams, and freezing or starving alternatively - done with Indian trading and Indian fighting. The fur trade is dead in the Rocky Mountains, and it is no place for us now, if it ever was. We are young yet, and have life before us. We cannot waste it here; we cannot or will not return to the States. Let us go down to the Wallamet and take farms… What do you say, Meek? Shall we turn American settlers?”StartFragment EndFragment -Robert Newell, as quoted in Gowans, p. 198EndFragment
End of the Rendezvous
Cost of goods in St. Louis StartFragment Blanket = $4Guns = $7.50Gunpowder = $0.30/lbTobacco = $0.07/lbWhiskey = $0.25/galEndFragment
Cost of goods at Rendezvous StartFragmentBlanket = $15Guns = $25Gunpowder = $2.50/lbTobacco = $2.00/lbWhiskey = $40.00/galEndFragment
Why was the rendezvous important to both trappers and traders?
Why was the rendezvous important to both trappers and traders?
Trappers:StartFragmentTrappers needed supplies they couldn’t find in the mountains. Traders made the long trip to the mountains to save the trappers time and effort. EndFragment
Traders:Traders needed someone to buy their goods, and they also needed beaver furs to sell. Trappers brought them furs and then bought supplies from the traders. EndFragment
How did some Native American tribes benefit from contact with trappers and traders?
• Traders brought in goods like guns and metal for arrowheads that Native Americans could not make for themselves. • Often, whole tribes - sometimes as many as 2,000 people – attended the rendezvous to trade for goods. • Tribes that were allies or friends to the trappers and traders included the Shoshone (Snake), Nez Perce, and Flathead people. • Making friends with the trappers and traders gave some tribes more power to fight against their enemies. EndFragment
How tribes benefited
Why did some Native American tribes fight the trappers and traders?
• Some tribes did not like having so many outsiders on their land. • Trappers trespassing on tribal land took beaver the tribe had planned to use for themselves. • The Blackfoot tribe (named for their dark moccasins) were particularly hostile to the trappers and traders. They had allied with the British, who were fighting the Americans. • In addition, the US Government had a long history of treating natives badly EndFragment EndFragment
Why tribes fought
Rendezvous: A summer meeting at which trappers traded furs for supplies. Usually held at the beginning of July and lasting several weeks.
How geography affects humans
Discuss: How do you think mountains affected trappers and traders?
Discuss:How do you think mountains affected trappers and traders? StartFragment1.Mountain areas tend to be COLD most of the year. Beavers who live in mountain streams have thicker fur, which brings better prices.2.It is DIFFICULT to travel over mountains. There are no trails or roads, the terrain is steep and rugged, and the weather can change quickly, becoming life-threatening at any time of year.3.Mountain PASSES are lower, easier places to cross the mountains.4.Mountains are wonderful LANDMARKS. You can move toward or away from them, or follow the line of the front range so you don’t get lost on the plains.EndFragment
Discuss: How do you think rivers affected trappers and traders?
Discuss:How do you think rivers affected trappers and traders? 1. Rivers make wonderful LANDMARKS. You can follow them so you don’t get lost.2. Rivers provide WATER for drinking, cooking, washing, and so forth. 3. FOOD: you can catch fish in rivers, and many animals come to the river to drink, so the hunting is better near them. 4. You can sometimes FLOAT heavy loads downstream, letting the river do the work. EndFragment
Discuss: Why do you think the trappers and traders met in a mountain valley, instead of on the plains or elsewhere in the mountains?
StartFragmentDiscuss: Why do you think the trappers and traders met in a mountain valley, instead of out on the plains or elsewhere in the mountains?• The best beaver streams were in the mountains, so having the rendezvous near the trapping areas meant trappers could catch more furs and not waste much time traveling.• Sometimes thousands of people came to the rendezvous. The meeting place had to be wide enough for so many people to pitch their tents and walk around.• The valley also had to provide good hunting (to feed everyone), a river for water, and enough grass for the animals to graze on. EndFragment
Decision: Which Trail?
• It’s time to start preparing for the rendezvous• Trappers rely on the supplies they get from the rendezvous to survive another year in the mountains• Traders have spent thousands of dollars on supplies. If they miss the rendezvous, they can go bankrupt.StartFragment EndFragment • It’s 1,200 miles from St. Louis to the Green River rendezvous site. How will you get your supplies there safely?EndFragment
2. Take the water route.• Travel by boat up the rivers.• Follow the Missouri to the Yellowstone to the Bighorn to the Wind River.• This route is farther than the two land routes.• Floating goods on boats is easier than pulling them over land, unless you are traveling upriver. Are the rivers likely to flow towards the mountains or away from them?EndFragment
3. Follow the Santa Fe Trail.• Follow the Santa Fe Trail west, then cut north along the front range until you are out of Mexican territory.• Then go west over South Pass.• Fewer people come this way, but...• You’ll be near the border with another country much of the way.• Also, this route is longer than the Platte River route. EndFragment
Discuss and choose a trail
Choice 1: Along the Platte RiverChoice 2: Water routeChoice 3: Santa Fe Trail, then north. Next time, we’ll find out what happens to you on the trail!EndFragment
• Would you rather have been a trapper or trader? Why? • How did the geography of mountains and rivers help people get to the rendezvous? • How did they make it harder to travel?
Why did the rendezvous end?
• The beaver had been hunted almost to extinction. • Fashion changed so men didn’t want beaver hats so much anymore. • Beaver fur didn’t earn much money anymore. • Trappers and traders moved on to trading in buffalo skins instead. • Many mountain men founds new jobs at forts or as explorers or trail guides for new people coming west for gold or land.
Need to download the presentations to work offline? No problem.
*Warning: If your presentation downloads as Google Slides, the movies won’t play.